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On This Day: 1992

Aviation events for 1992

January 10: TWA files for bankruptcy for the first time. They would file a second time just a few years later.
January 11: The US FAA approves a helicopter rating for a pilot based solely on flight simulator performance for the first time.
January 15: A Lockheed U-2 belonging to the United States Air Force is lost in the Sea of Japan. FACTOID: The U-2 is still in active service 50 years after development, and has actually out-lived its own replacement, the SR-71, by more than a decade.
January 18: The United States armed forces retire the last F-4 Phantom II from front-line service.
January 20: An Air Inter Airbus A320 (Flight 148), crashes on landing at Strasbourg, killing eighty-seven of the 96 people on board.
January 22: Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) launches into space.
January 25: Hubble space telescope optics finds NGC3862/3C264.
January 30: Space Shuttle STS-42 (Discovery 15) lands.
February 1: British Aerospace’s latest Hawk demonstrator, Hawk Mk 102D, ZJ 100, takes to the skies for the first time. It is an enhanced two-seater ground-attack version with a modified wing and incorporates many improvements to its onboard sensors and weapons system.
February 8: Ulysses - USA & Europe Solar Flyby made a Jupiter flyby. The Ulysses spacecraft is an international project to study the poles of the Sun and interstellar space above and below the poles. It used Jupiter for a gravity assist to swing out of the ecliptic plane and onward to the poles of the Sun. The first solar polar passage was in June 1994. The spacecraft passed the solar equator in February 1995 and passed over the north pole in June 1995.
March 17: Russian manned space craft TM-14, launches into orbit.
March 22: USAir Flight 405, a Fokker F-28 (N485US) departing New York’s La Guardia Airport, crashes into Flushing Bay, killing 27 of its 51 occupants. Departing on runway 13 about 34 minutes after its last de-cing, the aircraft stalls due to ice contamination and on its left wing. Though the Captain also did not use the appropriate USAir-approved V1 speed, the crash is also attributed to lack of regulations regarding elapsed time after de-icing.
March 24: Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) launches into space.
March 24: 1st Belgium in space, Dirk Frimout on Atlantis Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) launches into space.
March 25: Russian manned space craft TM-14, lands.
March 26: First flight of the Saab 2000.
March 30: An Aeroflot Antonov An-26 (CCCP-26154) crashes in Swarupnagar, India due to fuel exhaustion. Making their way to their destination of Calcutta, the pilots advise ATC of their minimum fuel situation, which controllers do not offer proper guidance nor assistance for. The aircraft strays away from its flight path, becomes lost and is forced to land nearly 30 miles from their destination. There are only 7 crew on the aircraft, and all are able to survive, though the aircraft is written off.
March 30: An Aviaco Douglas DC-9-32 (EC-BYH) crashes on landing at Granada Airport in Spain. With an 11-knot tailwind, the aircraft lands hard, bouncing back into the air and landing almost 1,200ft further down the runway. All of the tires burst and the fuselage breaks into two pieces. There are no fatalities among the 99 aboard.
April 1: Jet Airways is founded.
April 2: Space Shuttle STS-45, Atlantis 11, lands.
April 7: Azerbaijan Airlines is founded.
April 14: Onur Air is formed. Read more...
April 22: The YF-22 prototype is damaged beyond repair
April 24: A US Air Force C-130 Hercules transport aircraft on an anti-narcotics mission over Peru is attacked by Peruvian Air Force Sukhoi Su-22s.
May 14: Onur Air commences flight operations.
May 16: The 2,000th C-130 Hercules rolls off the production line.
June 1: The United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command is disestablished.
July 1: Reno Air commences flight operations, from RNO to SEA.
July 6: The final F-4 Phantom IIs are retired from Royal Air Force service.
July 30: TWA Flight 843, a Lockheed L-1011 Tristar (N11002) departing New York’s JFK Airport (JFK) for San Francisco (SFO), aborts takeoff shortly after liftoff, skids off the end of Runway 13R and burns. Despite the fire and only three available exits, all 280 passengers and 12 crew manage to escape with their lives. The NTSB would conclude pilot error was to blame for the accident, but witnesses say the plane was on fire before it lifted off.
July 31: Thai Airways Flight 311, an Airbus A310-300, registration HS-TID crashes into a mountain while attempting to land at Kathmandu (KTM), killing all 113 on board. The accident is blamed on a combination of pilot error and an inexperienced air traffic controller.
July 31: China General Aviation Flight 7552, a Yakolev 42D, crashes shortly after takeoff from Nanking, killing 108 of the 126 people on board.
September 4: A B-2 Spirit bomber drops a bomb for the first time.
September 12: Space Shuttle Endeavor launches on the 50th Space Shuttle mission, STS-47. On this flight, the first African American woman, Mae Carol Jemison, and the first Japanese citizen, Mamoru Mohri, enter space. Also, Mark Lee and Jan Davis are the first couple to marry in space.
September 21: Kiwi International commences operations; was founded by a group of Eastern Air Lines pilots.
September 28: Pakistan International Airlines Flight 268, a Airbus A300-203 (registered) AP-BCP), crashed into a mountain in Kathmandu, killing all 167 people on-board. The aircraft was on approach to land in a valley, when they descended below their cleared altitude, striking a cloud-covered hillside.
October 4: El Al Flight 1862, a 747-200F (registered (4X-AXG), crashes into an apartment complex in Amsterdam, killing 4 on the aircraft and 39 on the ground after engines number 3 and 4 fall from the wing. It would be determined that fuse pins designed to let separating engines break away clean had failed to do so, allowing the number 3 engine’s loss to also cause the number 4 engine to separate as well. This caused damage to the flaps and right aileron that sent the aircraft into an 90-degree roll while attempting to slow down for their second landing attempt.
November 2: First flight of the Airbus A330-300.
November 23: Aerorepublica is founded.
December 18: First flight of the McDonnell Douglas MD-90.
December 20: Northwest and KLM introduce a new joint logo: “Worldwide Reliability”
December 21: Martinair Flight 495, a DC-10 (PH-MBN) flying from Amsterdam to Faro, Portugal, crashes while landing during a thunderstorm at Faro, killing 56 of the 340 souls on board.
December 27: USAF F-16 Fighting Falcons shoot down an Iraqi Air Force Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 in Southern Iraq's "no fly zone.”

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