In San Francisco, a single-engined Mooney 231 sets a nonstop coast-to coast record in 8 hours 4 minutes using only 105 gallons of fuel.
A Mooney 231 lands in San Francisco, after flying coast to coast non-stop, setting a record by completing the flight in 8 hours and 4 minutes.
British Island Airways and Air Anglia merge to form Air UK.
An Iran Air Boeing 727-086 (EP-IRD), crashes into a mountain while on approach to Tehran in very snow conditions. There were no survivors among the 128 aboard.
Japan Air Lines begins commercial operations with the highest-capacity airliner ever put into scheduled service, conducting the inaugural flight of eight Boeing 747SR. The aircraft has seating for 550 passengers, 45 in the upper deck.
U.S. launches Solar Maximum Mission Observatory to study solar flares.
Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49.
A pair of B-52 Stratofortress aircraft make an around-the-world nonstop trip in 42.5 hours.
Two B-52 Stratofortresses make a non-stop round-the-world flight in 42.5 hours.
Vostok rocket exploded on launch pad while being refueled, killing 50.
The 1,000th production Learjet is delivered.
Crash of the prototype Bombardier Challenger 600 in the Mojave desert kills the pilot.
Operation Eagle Claw, an attempt by the U.S. Navy to rescue the 52 hostages being held in the U.S. Embassy in Teheran, fails miserably. Eight servicemen are killed as one of the eight Sikorsky RH-53Ds used in the operation crashes in a sand cloud, while another crashes into a C-130 Hercules on the ground in Iran.
Thai Airways Flight 231, a Hawker Siddeley HS-748 (HS-THB), crashes after experiencing windshear on approach to Don Muang Airport (DMK) in Bangkok, killing 40 of the 53 people on board.
The last produced Concorde (number 16) is delivered to British Airways.
Sanjay Gandhi, son of Indira Gandhi, dies when his private aerobatic biplane has an accident.
First flight of the KC-10 Extender, the military in-flight refueler version of the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30.
Cathay Pacific begins a Hong Kong-London service.
The F-16 is officially nicknamed the Fighting Falcon in a ceremony.
First flight of the Aérospatiale Dauphin II.
Janice Brown pilots the MacCready Gossamer Penguin on its first solar powered flight.
First flight of the Learjet Longhorn 50.
Saudia Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011-200 TriStar, burns at Riyadh, killing all 301 on board. The plane had actually made a safe emergency landing after the crew received indications of a fire in the cargo compartment, but a delay by the crew in evacuating the plane, combined with the emergency service’s inability to open the doors for a long period of time, caused the passengers and crew to die of burns and smoke inhalation.
Island Air, a Hawaiian airline, started operations.
Iraq attacks Iran, various military bases and oil wells affected.
Iraqi Tupolev Tu-22s land in Riyadh after bombing Iran.
A Westland Sea King helicopter rescues 22 passengers from the Swedish ship Finneagle in the North Sea.
First dog fights of the Iran–Iraq War. An Iraqi Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 is shot down by Iranian F-4 Phantoms.
British Airways terminates Concorde services to Bahrain and Singapore.
Dan-Air registers the last commercial flight by a de Havilland Comet. The plane flew enthusiasts on a round-trip flight from London.
Voyager 1 makes its closest approach to Saturn, flying 77,000 miles above its surface and taking photo of its rings.
Delta Air Lines orders 60 Boeing 757-200s, the largest single order at the time for a single airliner type.
Pan Am’s Boeing 747 China Clipper arrives in Peking from New York via Tokyo to complete the first official flight between China and USA since shortly before 1949.
Aeroflot puts the Ilyushin Il-86 into service on its Moscow-Tashkent route.