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On This Day: March 25

Aviation events for March 25

1655: Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan, (Saturn's largest satellite).
1857: Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse.
1917: One of the greatest fighter pilots of WWI, Canada-born Lt. Col. William Avery Bishop, scores his first combat victory over an Albatros single-seat fighter while flying a Nieuport.
1926: Willie Messerschmitt, a graduate of Munich Technical High School and already an experienced designer of light aircraft and sailplanes, forms the Messerschmitt Flugzeugbau G.m.b.H.
1950: a Mandated Air Lines Lockheed 414-08 Hudson IVA crashes into a house while trying to make an emergency landing back at Law-Nadzab Airport in Papua New Guinea. After experiencing a failure of engine #1, and then had to execute a go-around because of traffic on the runway, and subsequently hit telephone wires. There was 1 survivor among the 3 aboard.
1950: A Devlet Hava Yollari Douglas DC-3 (TC-BAL) catches fire while on approach to Ankara, Turkey. The crew became incapacitated and the aircraft fell short of the runway, resulting in the deaths of all 15 occupants.
1954: Aeronaves de Mexico Douglas DC-3 (XA-GUN) crashes into Friar’s Peak while descending in Monterrey, Mexico, killing all 18 aboard.
1955: First flight of the Ling-Temco-Vought XF-8A Crusader.
1958: Braniff Airlines Douglas DC-7 (N5904) departs Miami, Florida, and tries to return to the airport after an fire on the #3 engine but doesn’t make it. Of the 24 on-board, 9 perish in a marsh.
1960: The first NASA flight in the X-15 hypersonic research program gets under way when test pilot Joseph A. Walker makes the first of his flights in this aircraft.
1961: Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km).
1971: First flight of the Ilyushin Il-76 SSSR-86712.
1978: Burma Airways Fokker F-27 Friendship (XY-ADK) crashes into a paddy field immediately after takeoff from Okaraba, Burma, killing all 48 on-board.
1979: Qantas operates its last Boeing 707 on a flight from Auckland to Sydney, then becoming the only airline with an all-Boeing 747 fleet. This would hold until 1985 when they receive their first Boeing 767-200.
1981: Piedmont Airlines announces an order for eight more Boeing 737s with options for 20 more, to begin delivery in 1982. The order makes their 737 fleet the largest in the world.
1988: NASA launches space vehicle S-206.
1992: Russian manned space craft TM-14, lands.
1993: The first woman Concorde pilot makes her first flight as First Officer of the daily supersonic London-New York route. British-born, Barbara Harmer, is one of only 17 co-pilots in the British Airways Concorde fleet.
1994: Aero Svit Ukranian Airlines is founded.
2000: Uralex Antonov An-32 (D2-MAJ) crashes after experiencing a brake failure on takeoff after trying to avoid a hole on the runway. The aircraft loses control, hits another hole and breaks into two pieces. Of the 33 occupants, 3 are killed.
2004: Air Holland ceases operations.
2006: The Hyshot III scramjet engine designed to fly at 7-times the speed of sound, is tested successfully in South Australia.
2008: Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 810, a Boeing 747-300 (TF-ARS) on wet-lease from Air Atlanta Icelandic catches fire on landing at Dhaka-Zia International Airport in Bangladesh. Though all 326 aboard escaped with their lives, the aircraft would be written off.
2009: The September 2007 approval by the U.S. Department of Transportation for American Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and US Airways to begin service between and Beijing, China, or Shanghai, China, goes into effect.

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