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On This Day: January 27

Aviation events for January 27

1894: Captain B. F. S. Baden-Powel (the brother of the first Chief Boy Scout) makes a kite ascent from Pirbright Army Camp, England in what appears to be the first use of man-carrying kites outside China.
1908: Pasiphae, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte.
1943: The USAAF makes its first daylight raid on Germany.
1955: Ariana Afghan Airlines is founded.
1958: Dr. Hugh L. Dryden, Director of the NACA, in a speech to the Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences, stressed the importance of a well-planned and logical space program embracing both civilian and military uses. He stated that the national space program should be under the joint control of the Department of Defense, the NACA, the National Academy of Sciences, and the National Science Foundation; in addition to research flights, the NACA would coordinate and conduct research in space technology in its own laboratories and by contract in support of both military and nonmilitary projects.
1959: First flight of the Convair 880.
1966: First flight of the Fairchild FH-227.
1967: Treaty banning military use of nuclear weapons in space, signed.
1967: The crew of Apollo/Saturn 204 (more commonly known as Apollo 1 mission) were training for the first crewed Apollo flight, an Earth orbiting mission scheduled to be launched on 21 February. On board were astronaut Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, (the second American astronaut to fly into space) astronaut Edward H. White II, (the first American astronaut to "walk" in space) and astronaut Roger B. Chaffee, (a "rookie" astronaut on his first space mission). A fire broke out during the test and spread quickly through the cabin. The crew most likely perished within the first 30 seconds from smoke inhalation or burns. Resuscitation efforts were futile.
1969: SAS’ first McDonnell Douglas DC-9-20 enters service.
1972: Civil aviation in Canada is halted by a strike by air traffic controllers.
1973: A U.S. Navy F-4 Phantom II from USS Enterprise (CVA(N)-65) piloted by Lieutenant Commander Harley Hall is shot down over South Vietnam near the Demilitarized Zone. It is the last American fixed-wing aircraft lost in the Vietnam War.
1982: Cessna delivers its 1,000th business jet.
1985: 15th Space Shuttle (51-C) Mission-Discovery 3 returns to Earth.
2002: Boeing’s 737, the world’s most widely use twin jet, becomes the first jetliner in history to amass more than 100 million flying hours. The 737 was launched onto the market in 1965.
2012: Spanair ceases operations.
2013: OLT Germany ceases operations.

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