5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet.
The first practical seaplane is flown. Built and flown by American Glenn Curtiss, it lands and takes off in the waters off San Diego, California.
Ramón Franco takes off from Spain piloting a Dornier Do J and reaches Buenos Aires 59 hours later.
McDonnell XFD-1 Phantom, the first jet aircraft to operate from a US Navy aircraft carrier.
Col William Councill sets a new US transcontinental speed record of 4 hours 13 minutes in a Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star.
Garuda Indonesia is founded (as Garuda Indonesian Airways).
First flight of Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket supersonic research aircraft is made. It is launched from underneath its B-29 mother-ship and exceeds Mach 1 (the speed of sound) in a dive.
The first meeting of the Experimental Aircraft Association takes place at Curtis-Wright Field in Milwaukee.
CIA orders an initial five A-12 OXCART aircraft. (Q)
NASA launches the Ranger 3 moon probe aboard an Atlas-Agena rocket. After a series of malfunctions, the spacecraft would miss the moon by 22,000 miles.
French Defense Ministry approves full-scale development of the Dassault Rafale.
The first of two new VC-25 aircraft, the 747 variant used as Air Force One, is delivered to the United States Air Force.
Outbreak of the Cenepa War between Peru and Ecuador. Peruvian Mil Mi-8 and Mil Mi-25, as well as Ecuadorian Aérospatiale Gazelle helicopters begin ground attack operations.
Spanish airline Quantum Air ceased operations.